China has many many many festivals that they celebrate! The Spring festival (Chinese new year) is probably the most famous of these. But there are many other, lesser known festivals that I’m sure you will find interesting.
1) May 20th (I start with this one, as it happened just a few days ago). It’s called 520, “wu er ling” in Chinese, and is like a mini Valentine’s Day, because apparently wu er ling sounds similar to the Chinese phrase “wo ai ni” which means “I love you”. (I don’t know who decided this, but it must have been a shopkeeper, as I’m sure this is just a shopping festival…)
2) 11/11. Double eleven is Singles’ day, where single people can be happy that they don’t have boyfriends or girlfriends. It also happens to be a shopping festival, with billions and billions of RMB being spent on discounted goods online…
3) Christmas Eve. Not really a Chinese festival, but Christmas has become popular in China in recent years, where people will give apples to their friends on Christmas Eve. This is because the Chinese for apple, “ping guo” sounds similar to the Chinese word for Christmas Eve, “ping an ye”, meaning peaceful night, and apples are also symbolic of safety and peace.
4) Chinese people have also begun to celebrate “Western new year” (January 1st) in recent years. Although it isn’t as important as their own Spring Festival.
1) Dragon boat festival. A fun festival, where people will race along rivers or lakes in dragon boats and eat steamed rice dumplings called zongzi. This festival is to commemorate Qu Yuan, a famous Chinese poet.
2) Winter solstice (on December 21st) has been celebrated for thousands of years. People make and eat dumplings to celebrate this festival.
3) Mid-Autumn festival. The date of this festival follows the lunar calendar, and usually occurs in October. On this day, Chinese people will eat moon cakes and look at the moon. There is a story about a woman called Chang E who lives on the moon, so I guess people will say hello to her on this day.
4) 7/7. Double seven is Chinese Valentine’s Day, and also follows the lunar calendar. It celebrates the story of a man and a goddess, who fell in love but were forever separated by the queen of heaven, who didn’t approve of them, so made a river form between them. Once a year, a flock of birds form a bridge between them, so they can meet for one romantic day.
5) Qingming festival happens in April every year. This is called tomb-sweeping festival, and families will visit and sweep their ancestors’ graves.
6) Spring Festival, in case you don’t know, is Chinese New Year. It happens on the first day of the first month of the lunar calendar. During this festival, people will visit their relatives, decorate their houses, make and eat dumplings, give “lucky money”, wear red (a lucky colour) and set off fireworks to celebrate the new year. The festival lasts for 2 weeks! And really is the most important of the Chinese festivals.
If I think of more Chinese festivals, I will write about them later. 😊